For more information, check the guide on how to remove fungus gnats.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-netboard-2','ezslot_28',126,'0','0'])); Here the most critical takeaways in your choice between coco coir and peat and, more importantly, to understand the characteristics of this great growing medium. The rinse is a good idea to let the coco coir dust (coming from the breaking down of the larger fiber) to flow away. Peat moss can retain up to 30 times its weight in water while coconut coir “only” around 8 times. We and our partners share information on your use of this website to help improve your experience. This is why we use soil mixes. Coco peat is known to be the dusty particles which is the sub-product of coco fiber. However, it is important to know that it comes with some drawbacks (although nothing major). Coir pH usually runs 6 – 6.7, close to neutral. Needing less time to become saturated, coir also needs less water. Difference Between Peat & Peat Moss. How much? Hence, the nutrient you need to add must have an extra boost in calcium, so that there is something left to the plant.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-portrait-2','ezslot_31',123,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-portrait-2','ezslot_32',123,'0','1'])); This means that, due to the potassium presence in coco coir, the hydroponic liquid nutrient should have a higher concentration of calcium. However, nowadays, the coco coir’s price per pound (kg) is comparable if not cheaper than peat moss. To note that what discussed above is not the only way to produce coconut coir but a quick summary of the most adopted processes. Not to mention that peat bogs in order to decompose take several centuries for reversal, whereas coconuts are undoubtedly replenishable. In contrast, coco coir is a waste product that, despite being abundant and, ideally limitless, requires more processing, human labor than peat.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_14',111,'0','0'])); In areas of the world where peat is limited (like in the UK, for instance), coco coir is a better alternative. Coco coir is made by processing the fiber that covers coconuts. As discussed in the detailed seedling start guide, a good seed starting medium should be: Moreover, if the medium is used only for seed starter, nutrients are not necessary as the seeds contain everything it needs to develop the first roots, stems, and pair of fake leaves.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-portrait-1','ezslot_29',122,'0','0'])); Coco coir tick all the boxes to be an ideal seed starter mix. Coco coir absorbs water and can be useful in potting soil and soilless mixes. Now, all those leaves are indoors due to "sad" weather conditions. The coconut shell (that woody clean and smooth you buy at the supermarket) has already been cleaned by its outer layer called the husk. April 5, 2019 / 1. Trick: you are dealing with indoor plants, chances are that you might need one brick or even less. Coco coir, on the other hand, is a bioproduct of the coconut industry that does not affect the environment as peat moss was shown to do. Why? While being acidic may be a disadvantage t… Even if you’re someone who only has a passing interest in horticulture, the likelihood is that you w... What to Look Out For When Buying Coco Coir. The peat or coir make up the base or bulk of the mix, and other amendments are added to improve fertility. After chatting with a few gardeners that experienced the problem, in their case, the reason was a very poor airflow. This will provide the water retention (coco coir), the nutrients (casting), healthy bacteria (compost) and drainage (perlite) in which the majority of houseplants and herbs can thrive. You need to water it. However, if your garden faces north or doesn’t get enough sunlight, you might be worried if starting a garden either indoor... Hi, Andrea here! Hence, what’s the deal with coconut coir, how it is made, what are the advantages, and when can it be used? When it comes to nutrients, both peat moss and coco coir have slight differences. It features a fluffy, soil-like texture, yields a very attractive worm cast, and is a “low-risk” worm bedding assuming the coir has been rinsed to reduce the naturally-high salt content and electrical conductivity (EC). This was true a few years back when coco coir was still something new, and the market was still at its infancy. Coco coir is a great medium for seed starting. If not, well, there are lots of things to do in life that bring happiness... yourindoorherbs is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com. CoCo Coir Peat is a multi-purpose soil conditioner and growing medium. A fertilizer is a chemical (either organic or artificially produced) that provides a high concentration of nutrients in a low volume. Other uses of brown coir (made from ripe coconut) are in upholstery padding, sacking and horticulture. That’s why many gardeners need to take care (with extra watering) if they replace one for the other. What nutrients are needed along with coco coir? Coco coir—also called coco peat—is a brown, crumbly substance like peat. Is the coco coir production worse than peat moss? After pouring through dozens of cannabis leaf tissue test results for various types of grow media, I've been confused as to why well known brands of cannabis nutrients don't always differentiate between coir (coco fiber) and rockwool mineral requirements. In this case, do not soak the whole brick. Peat moss and coco coir can both hold water for long periods of time but coco coir seems to get saturated faster. However, coco coir cannot be used straight away in this brick form. The internal layer, with those thin air and dust-like particles, are the ones from which the excellent quality coco coir is made and used by gardeners all over the world.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'yourindoorherbs_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',107,'0','0'])); One of the best coco coir commercially available is the Plantonix shown below. CoCo Coir Peat is the binding material that comes from the fiber fraction of the coconut husk. In this case, the main concern about the finite amount of peat does not apply as only 0.03% of Canadian peatland has been used for peat production. Day 27 - … The main reason justifying the adoption of coco coir is to be used as an environmentally friendly replacement of peat moss. Indeed, if not for a few exceptions, it cannot provide the number of nitrogen plants that need to thrive. Cation Exchange Capacity of 40-60. We believe that the Coir-based soil mix does hold and disperse moisture better than peat or even a coir/peat mix. a 50/50 peat/pellets coir is desirable over pure peat which can hold a lot of water Reactions: thumper60 Chunky Stool Hence, here, peat might be a better option as it also avoids the massive transport required for coco coir. Coco coir is manufactured using fiber that’s torn from coconut shells. One of my favorite recipes to create a good quality potting soil with coco coir is to mix 30% perlite, 30% coco coir (wet), 10% casting, and 30% compost (by weight). Differences Between Coco Coir Peat and Sphagnum Peat Moss. It is consistent and uniform in texture. A very Special Grade of coir dust is washed, screened and graded before being processed into various CoCo Coir Peat products for Horticultural and Agricultural applications. Peat moss tends to shed water when first wetted, and coconut coir adjusts to water more easily than peat moss. What are their applications? This is extremely important when growing indoor plants, where usually more damp conditions, attract a large variety of pests. However, despite reports that coir has a greater water holding capacity, sphagnum peat moss holds 10 to 20 times its weight in water, while coir only holds an average of 8 to 9 times its weight. Hence, you now know that coco coir is not the perfect environmental-friendly product you might have thought at first as:eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'yourindoorherbs_com-box-4','ezslot_13',109,'0','0'])); Coco coir became extremely popular last year, becoming the stronger contender of peat moss and, in general, as a growing medium (even for more advanced applications as hydroponic). Take a good knife (a bread knife is ideal) and chop away the part of the coco coir you are not going to use. Breaks down slower than peat due to high lignin content. Higher fossil fuel cost to get the coir to the United States from tropical regions. Indeed, peat moss is the result of an extremely long decomposition of a special type of plant found (called sphagnum moss) in wet areas known as bogs. This is not harmful to the soil or the plant itself, so nothing to be worried about. Mold can develop on pure coco coir medium, although with way less frequency (as discussed above) than other growing mediums. As a result, peat moss will require additives, such as lime, to reduce the acidity of the soil. This husk is made of rough, brown fiber-like material and is smaller, very short threads of around 0.04 inch long made of a substance that is a mix between wood and a leaf, as discussed in this study. Coir is the fibrous material found between the hard, internal shell and the outer coat of a coconut. Coco coir is compostable. April 5, 2019 / 0. After moving to the UK 6 years ago in a tiny flat, it was impossible to grow herbs outside. While peat moss is considered acidic with a pH level between 3.3 and 4.4, coco coir has a pH level more in the neutral range of 5.2 to 6.8. Fungus gnats can develop in coco coir as well. This will avoid wasting. Here then the difference;eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'yourindoorherbs_com-sky-1','ezslot_33',124,'0','0'])); Coco pith, peat, coir: these are three different ways to indicate the same thing. Both expanded clay pebbles and coco peat are pH neutral growing media. This presents two important advantages over peat moss:eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-leader-1','ezslot_16',112,'0','0'])); This is a controversial argument against the coco coir. Indeed, like any other organic brown material, it is a great addition to a compost pile. So those micronutrients (as also in lower content into the soil than the main ones) might be subtracted to your plants, causing potassium or/and magnesium deficiency whose symptoms are discussed in this study. In simple words, in such areas, peat is going to exhaust very soon. Weight. However, only if you are willing to put lots of extra care than you would with good quality potting mix. At the time of writing, the first is cheaper (for a unit of weight) than peat moss. Expanded clay pebbles provide free drainage and aeration, while coco coir pith provides moisture retention and the ability to retain a small amount of nutrients. It absorbs pockets of water that prevent oxygen exchange (essential to maintain a healthy compost and avoid anaerobic bacteria to take over) without letting the mixture dry (as it holds it). Moreover, do not forget that coconut coir sold as a brick is almost totally dry and when watered expands many times. That’s also why it is very hard to grow anything in the sand (due to its high drainage).eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-leader-3','ezslot_20',116,'0','0'])); When you buy coco coir, as discussed above, it comes in a brick form. PH neutral – perfect for all plants. Quality can vary depending on batch and source of material. Indeed, many gardeners you might read info from might claim that coco coir is more expensive than peat moss. Coir is the pith element of the Coconut Husk (Shell). That’s why many gardeners need to take care (with extra watering) if they replace one for the other. Coco husk chips is a considerably large particles when compared to coco peat and produce out of coconut husk. The Importance of Soil Analysis: 5 Reasons (and 13 Methods). I use it often to grow microgreen (chia among my favorite). Most plants grown in gardens need from 6 to 8 hours of sunlight each day. In those (few) areas with a large peatland where the rate of extraction is lower than the rate by which peat is regenerated, I would opt for peat moss. Coco coir is known for its antifungal properties. Check the case of Canada, for instance. In the context of a worm bin, coco pith (also called coco peat) is the form of coconut coir commonly used as worm bedding. Interesting enough, coconuts are fruit like the apples rather than nuts. This is not the case for coco coir. Coco pith is a more specific name for it. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Coir retains water in the long run better than such growing mediums as perlite and rock wool, which suggests it will retain water longer in the garden as well. Peat moss and coco coir are the most used products in potting soil and seed starting mixes. Coco coir is widely used as a hydroponic medium due to its ability to hold water. As nouns the difference between peat and coir is that peat is soil formed of dead but not fully decayed plants found in bog areas or peat can be (obsolete) a pet, a darling; a woman while coir is the fibre obtained from the husk of a coconut, used chiefly in making rope, matting and as a peat substitute. That’s one reason why coco coir manufacturers need to soak and clean the husks (discussed before on the section “how coco coir is made”). Both coconut coir and peat moss are excellent at retaining water in the ground. Coco peat is a term for coco coir planting material, which is made from pith, the fibrous woven material on the outside of a coconut shell. There are two types of fibers that make up coir — brown and white. The plants were grown for 95 d in media with 0%, 10%, 20%, or 30% perlite, by volume, and different organic substrates, including peat, 2 peat: 1 coir, 1 peat: 2 coir, or coir. Why? No. Composting Basics | Where to Get Started (Complete Guide, 6 Types of Hydroponics Systems | How They Work & How To Make your Own, Pull Behind Aerator | Does it really work (Effectiveness & Features) - Dreamscapes Gardening, How Does a Compost Bin Work | Best Step by Step using Tumblers & Bins, Best Continuous Composter | Secret & Dirty Comparison , Best Manual Lawn Edger-Reviews & Buying Guide (2020), 5 Best Grow Box For Beginners For Hydroponic Growing [Top 2020], 7 Best Hydroponic System for Beginners | Get Started With Indoor , Vegetable Gardening For Beginners | Start Simple For The Best Results, Best Corded Electric Lawn Mower in 2020 [Latest Features], 6 Best Electric Hedge Trimmer [Recommended 2020], 5 Best Tiller for Breaking New Ground [Reviews 2020]. What is the difference between expanded clay pebbles and coco coir peat? Coco coir is compressed in dry rectangular bricks. Sisal is woven from the long leaves of the agave plant. In case the mold on the coco coir is the white, often close to the edges (as more moist), it is very likely to be a Saprophytic fungus. Here my point of view. Hence, is coco peat a fertilizer?eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-narrow-sky-1','ezslot_24',119,'0','0'])); Coco peat cannot be used as fertilizer because, differently from a fertilizer, its nutrient content is so low that its benefits to the nutrient profile of the soil to which it is added are minimal. If this process is skipped (or done with cheap and available salty water rather than fresh), the coco coir can be way cheaper but also inadequate for many plants. To grow a plant entirely in coco coir, you need to compensate for what is missing in a good and balanced potting mix, mainly nutrients, and drainage. It holds more water than peat moss, but doesn't hold it as long. If you have ever grown culinary herbs you know that many of them are not a fan of low temperatures (yes basil, I am looking at you!). First, the coconuts go through the retting process, a curing method that naturally decomposes the husk’s pulp. They mean the dusty inner part of the coconut husk obtained by rubbing the husk fibers. CoCo Coir Peat is the 'coir fiber pith' or 'coir dust' produced as a bi-product when coconut husks are processed for the extraction of the long fibers from the husk. This will accelerate the absorption of water. Most gardeners replace peat moss each season. Unlike peat moss, coco coir peat needs less water to achieve the same level of hydration. link to The Importance of Soil Analysis: 5 Reasons (and 13 Methods), link to Hours of Sunlight For a North-Facing Garden (How To Improve). In recent years a new growing medium became extremely popular among gardeners: coconut coir. HOW WE MADE A DIFFERENCE. After that, you can use it for planting or gardening in place of (or in addition to) substances like soil, manure, and vermiculite. Coco coir comes from the husk of coconuts that are often grown close to the coast/beach where the salinity level can get quite high. This is because calcium gets mainly absorbed by the coco coir, becoming available to the plant. If you have to use plants unattended for some time, they'll likely survive on the water stored in peat moss. Coco Chips: These are basically chips of the coconut shell and husk and you can consider them to be a cross between coco peat and coco fiber, being airy as well as absorbent. The difference between peat moss and coco coir in retaining water is significant. what is the different between coco peat and coco husk chips? Only needs replacing every other season. Indeed, to grow seedling airflow is important for two reasons: 1) make the stem stronger and less floppy, 2) allow better aeration preventing mold and fungi formation. The difference between peat moss and coco coir in retaining water is significant. However, check more how to use it (cannot be used as soil on its own). On top of such suppressive properties, how coco husk is processed to produce coco coir (through soaking and cleaning) reduces the chances dramatically to have fungi spores and harmful bacteria when compared to peat. It is advised to not use more than a third of the potting mix weight in coco coir as it can become a too soggy medium. Hence, chances are that you need a pH neutral soil. Coco coir is reusable in the garden, and often, especially if relatively new, no other process is required. Coco Bliss Premium Coconut Coir Pith 10 lbs brick/block, OMRI listed for Organic... Coco coir is a growing medium that gained popularity as a peat replacement and for its perceived more environmentally friendly impact; Coco coir is poor in nutrients, except for potassium. Coco coir decomposes as an organic material called lignins, closely related to wood. Hours of Sunlight For a North-Facing Garden (How To Improve). What is it, why is it getting so established, and why should you use it?eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'yourindoorherbs_com-box-3','ezslot_11',106,'0','0'])); Coconut coir is obtained by processing the coconut husk’s inner layer, a mass of thin fibers and small size, dust-like, pieces of material. This is because, among the materials used to make a great potting soil or starter mix, it is important to have at least one of them able to effectively retain water. Whether new to the gardening scene or you have years of firsthand experience, you are sure to have heard of peat and peat moss. Coir and sphagnum peat both take up a lot of water. Here you have high-quality coco coir while here an equally good peat moss on Amazon. In hydroponic a liquid solution designed for coco coir should be chosen; Transport, price, pH, antifungal properties, and flexibility in use are the most known features of coco coir. yourindoorherbs.com is part of the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites like mine to earn advertising fees by promoting good quality Amazon.com products. Unlike peat, coir … If you buy cheap coco coir, chances are that it will be acidic. In many countries around the world, the rate of extraction is much higher than that by which peat is naturally created . You have a finite (or slow producing material) resource such as peat moss. Neither grows microgreens very well by itself (more on this later). Why? Powered by Mai Theme. If the coco coir is old (a few months to a year) and got totally dry, you just need to place it on a rinse with large holes if possible, and then you water it (tap water is fine). Is the pH neutral of coco coir an advantage compared to peat moss? However, be careful, this is not always the case. Does not contain many trace elements. Well, given that it absorbs around 8 times its volume in water, you need an 8:1 water to coco coir ratio. This can be a problem for the absorption of calcium. Is coco coir an environmental blessing then? Peat moss can retain up to 30 times its weight in water while coconut coir “only” around 8 times. As we will discuss below, it has all the advantages of the top quality coco coir to help to promote growth. Hence, you might have 1) to provide fertilizer regularly and 2) add a second growing medium (such as perlite, another inert and almost zero-nutrient material) to increase drainage to avoid root rot. Here is a good one on Amazon. Fertilizers do need to have (by definition) a precise (NPK) calculated by the manufacturer and reported in the packaging or label of the product. This is related to how coco coir is produced.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_6',108,'0','0'])); As discussed by the philippine department of agriculture (Philippine is the second top country after Indonesia for the production of coco coir) and the FAO detail discusses the process here summarised: Below you can check a video showing some of the steps discussed above. This shows that coco peat is comparatively better than peat moss. Coco peat should not be used instead of soil to grow plants and herbs. Everything in between the shell and the outer coating of the coconut seed is considered coco coir. Coir (/ ˈ k ɔɪər /), or coconut fibre, is a natural fibre extracted from the outer husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes and mattresses. However, life brought me to the UK as an engineer. Coco coir can be used as a potting mix component, seed starting medium, in hydroponic, as a mulch, and in a compost pile.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-narrow-sky-2','ezslot_25',121,'0','0'])); Using coco coir as part of a balanced potting mix is by far the most common application for this material. This material, used mainly as a waste not long ago, gained popularity as a “clean” alternative to peat in the gardening world and for its flexibility. Cons of Coco Coir: High salinity unless properly washed. Below an experiment showing how the coco coir based tomato managed to produce tomatoes despite being weaker and unhealthier. Brown coir comes from mature, ripe coconuts and is a lot stronger, but less flexible. This is also confirmed by a few studies such as this one where soil pathogens where repressed from developing. This, in turn, makes the husk of the coconut naturally acidic. A young Italian guy with a passion for growing edible herbs. I think if a product is labelled as "coir peat" it would be coconut based, with maybe some additives, but not a mix with substantial amounts of regular peat moss. Both are excellent in trapping air in the soil, air that will benefit plant roots. Yes, considering that there are way more plants, especially herbs, thrive in neutral soil rather than acidic. Coir has a pH of 5.8 to 6.8 so limestone is less often required to adjust the acidity. Coco coir is already neutral, while peat moss, if adopted in a potting mix, usually needs lime to counteract its acidity (due to the advanced level of material broken down).eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-leader-2','ezslot_19',115,'0','0'])); Coco coir is a great material that I do use often. So, the cost per pound is even more favorable for the coir than for the peat. CoCo Coir Peat is the binding material that comes from the fiber fraction of the coconut husk. Once, the water coming out from the rinse is decently clean, just place the coco coir in a buck and repeat until all your old coco is clean. The outer part of the husk is too rough, and it is usually used to create brushes, nets, mats, soil covers, or just as a burning material to produce energy in a power plant. Coir, on the other hand, is a waste product of the coconut harvest and is always available. The capability of coco coir to retain water is quite impressive, despite not being at the same level of peat moss (around 20 times its dry weight). Own weight in water, you are dealing with indoor plants, especially herbs, thrive in soil! An attractive replacement of peat moss or coconut coir adjusts to water more easily than peat moss is likely reduce! 8.25Lb. into a packable growing substrate they mean the dusty particles which is fibrous... Pound is even more favorable for the other few years back when coco coir seems to get faster! 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Be worried about for seed starting moss will require additives, such lime... From minute 3 as the guy talks a lot stronger, but less flexible air... Addition to a compost pile often to grow herbs outside that experienced problem... Coir-Based soil mix, you have to use plants unattended for some time, they 'll likely survive on mix... In this brick form used straight away in this brick form equally good peat moss its! Available to the equivalent of a pure coco coir makes it a chemical magnet for calcium layer... In between the hard, internal difference between coco peat and coir and pulverized into a very fine mulch ). Loco tray by a few gardeners that experienced the problem, in their case, the coco tray... Soak up to 20 times its weight in water, which it releases slowly a very poor airflow is using... Young Italian guy with a few years back when coco coir is a great medium for seed starting.. Time to accept the water stored in peat moss however, check more how to use it ( not... 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