what is colonialism

Colonialism is the control that a country or government holds over the territory and the people in a foreign country. Colonialism is the act or the policy or the dominating practice characterized by a nation which seeks to maintain its authority over people of other countries. Therefore, they sent their representatives to various places overseas to secure their interest. The introduction of new diseases by explorers also caused local epidemics. 2 : something characteristic of a colony. What is colonialism? colonialism. Colonial definition, of, concerning, or pertaining to a colony or colonies: the colonial policies of France. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Ancient and medieval colonialism was practiced by the Phoenicians, the Greeks, and the crusaders, among others. It is a sort of domination policy through which a political party/ power of one territory or area, by force, tries to establish its own colony in another territory. The term "colonialism" is possibly one of the most confusing, if not contested, concepts in American history and international relations theory. Neighboring powers fought to displace or encroach into another territory. 1 : the quality or state of being colonial. Colonialism. Synonyms for colonialism include colonisation, colonization, expansionism, imperialism, interventionism, domination, empire-building, neocolonialism and manifest … Colonialism is the maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural domination over people by a foreign power for an extended period (W. Bell, 1991). Colonialism is not a modern phenomenon. diplomatic pressures, forceful invasion, and eventually colonization of those places. Between the 16th century and 20th century, the European nations wanted to improve their economy and retain political supremacy over the perceived weak countries. See more. labor and restriction in trading. What made you want to look up colonialism? Much of the success of the empires came about from the exploitation and enslavement of indigenous peoples, as well as the obliteration of indigenous groups, languages, and cultures. The immediate and long-lasting effects on the indigenous peoples were colossal. The word “colony” is borrowed from the Latin word colonia which means “a place for agriculture.” From the eleventh to eighteen centuries, the Vietnamese people founded colonies outside their place which they later absorbed through a process called namtien. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. See more. — colonialistic, adj. Settling in this new region is a part of colonialism. Neo-colonialism was quite evident during the Cold War of the 20th century, as the then global superpowers, the United States, the Soviet Union, and their respective satellite countries engaged in their ideological conflict. This act of retaining its authority over another country is usually so as to develop or exploit the country being colonized in a manner that will benefit the country colonizing them. Colonialism is a system where the resources of a country are exploited by some other country. were subjected to colonialism. colonialism definition: 1. the belief in and support for the system of one country controlling another 2. the belief in and…. How to use colonial in a sentence. “Colonialism.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/colonialism. Send us feedback. -Ologies & -Isms. See the full definition for colonialism in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Britannica English: Translation of colonialism for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about colonialism. Colonialism definition, the control or governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory, or people. From 1870s to 1900s, parts of the world 3. the state or condition of being colonial. World history is full ofexamples of one society gradually expanding by incorporating adjacentterritory and settling its people on newly conquered territory. They also moved to sites that had plenty natural resources needed by their factories. Western colonialism, a political-economic phenomenon whereby various European nations explored, conquered, settled, and exploited large areas of the world. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'colonialism.' Settler colonialism is when settlers migrate in large The establishment of empires resulted in positive and negative aspects for the colonial powers. Colonialism is "a practice of domination, which involves the subjugation of one people to another" (Kohn, 2006). people suffer in the hands of the colonizer where they are subjected to hard It started with European aggression, After the raw materials were processed Britain, Germany, France, and Belgium, among others had to secure markets for their goods. Colonizers had the main reason that led This establishment of colonies away from their home continent differentiated other forms of expansionism from colonialism. • Colonialism is when an empire or a country goes and conquers another country or region. The focus of exploitation colonialism was to obtain raw materials for industries. For example, one of the causes of the Second World War was an effort by Japan to expand its area by conquering the British, United States, French, and Dutch empires. In surrogate colonialism projects for settlers were developed in the colonies. The age of modern colonialism began about 1500, following the European discoveries of a sea route around Africa’s southern coast (1488) and of America (1492). Theancient Greeks set up colonies as did the Romans, the Moors, and theOttomans, to name just a few of the most famous examples. By Mercie Chelaa on October 13 2017 in Society. After independence, European settlers faced options of getting assimilated or returning to their birth countries’ independence. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! 3 a : control by one power over a dependent area or people the colonialism of the British … Colonialism,then, is not restricted to a specific time or place. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Postcolonialism, the historical period or state of affairs representing the aftermath of Western colonialism; the term can also be used to describe the concurrent project to reclaim and rethink the history and agency of people subordinated under various forms of imperialism. France created the French colonial empire, Britain formed British empire, and Germany established Dutch empire. See also: Government. It encompasses the control that a ruling empire has on a territory, and colonies are typically described as areas used for economic exploitation. Delivered to your inbox! ‘The positive case argues that, on the contrary, colonialism played an economically progressive role.’ ‘This is the clearest manifestation of resurgent imperialism and colonialism on a world scale.’ the implementation of various political, economic, and social policies to enable a state to maintain or extend its authority and control over other territories. It is not just about the development of the used country itself but comes with the systematic status in their power relationship. All the above interests forced the need of having colonies overseas. colonialism in American English. Mostly, the imperialist powers benefited; they got ready and cheap raw materials for their industries leading to economic improvement. Colonialism is the practice of establishing them established colonies overseas. Colonial definition is - of, relating to, or characteristic of a colony. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Definition of colonialism. Those goals were used to differentiate the 2. the system or policy by which a nation maintains or advocates such control or influence. Colonialism is defined as a practice in which a power sets up colonies or settlements elsewhere (in other countries or territories) (Singh, 2001) for the political and economic benefit of the colonizing country. Colonialism was a large part of the economic philosophy of mercantilism, which argued that a nation's economic state had to be assessed through ensuring greater exports than imports. Colonialism occurs when a country or a nation takes control of other lands, regions, or territories outside of its borders (boundaries of the country) by turning those other lands, regions, or territories into a colony. The indigenous (kəˈlouniəˌlɪzəm) noun. • Definition of Colonialism and Imperialism: • Imperialism is when a country or an empire starts influencing other countries by using its power. Colonialism is rule by outsiders but, unlike annexation, does not involve actual incorporation into the dominant people's nation. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Colonialism is a complex phenomenon of capitalist expansion. Usually, it is a more powerful, richer country that takes control … Colonialism was a borrowed term to differentiate it from other types of expansionism. types of colonialism: settler colonialism, exploitation colonialism, and surrogate colonialism. Get help with your Colonialism homework. The societies that faced this form of imperialism put up resistance to deny the The definition of colonialism is the act of one nation controlling another for economic gain. England colonized many areas in the world. Most Americans would likely be hard-pressed to define it beyond the "colonial period" of U.S. history when early European immigrants established their colonies in the New World. Colonialism is the extension of a nation's sovereignty over territory beyond its borders by the establishment of either settler colonies or administrative dependencies in which indigenous populations are directly ruled or displaced. 1. the control or governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory, or people. “Settler-Colonialism and Genocide Policies in North America” shows how the settler-colonial agenda of the United States (and Canada to a lesser … Colonialism is defined as “control by one power over a dependent area or people.” In practice, colonialism is when one country violently invades and takes control of … Have you ever wondered about these lines? by exploitation, expansion, and maintenance of that territory. Colonialism also produced social forms in the colonies that were distinct from those in place in Europe, even. The ancient type of colonialism gave birth to the modern colonialism which came into effect during the “Age of Discovery” where the Spain and Portugal discovered the South and Central Americas during their sea traveling. They established trading centers and amassed the surrounding areas as a way of expanding their control. Many chose the latter and led to establishment of bodies that helped in cooperation between the former colonies and their colonizers, for example, Commonwealth of Nations by Britain. Learn a new word every day. practice of establishingterritorial dominion over a colony by an outside political power characterizedby exploitation Both warring parties accused each other of neo-colonialism and used notorious means to have their interests protected in underdeveloped countries including sponsoring military coups and civil wars. An example of colonialism was England’s control over India. Learn more. We can no longer see colonialism but many nations in the world are experiencing the neocolonialism now. In a narrow sense, colonialism refers to the process of control of supplies of raw materials, mineral resources, and markets in underdeveloped and pre-­capitalist regions. territorial dominion over a colony by an outside political power characterized Increasing demands for wealth and resources heightened tensions between European civilizations and compelled European states to expand their territories into Asia, Africa and the Americas in order to extract resources. Access the answers to hundreds of Colonialism questions that are explained in a way that's easy for you to understand. numbers to colonies for a political, economic, or religious purpose. However, as the colonial powers competed for colonies, conflicts of interest emerged resulting in war. The Nigeria Police Force dates back to British, People were more interested in the legacy of British, The statues and buildings vandalized on Wednesday and Thursday appear to have been targeted in protest of, Migration, after all, had been crucial to that process of appropriation by people who, under the weight of, Maryse Conde has been a betting favorite in recent years, and her work, which explores, The People’s Republic of China asserted sovereignty over Tibet in 1951 as part of a broader effort by Mao Zedong’s communists to consolidate control over territory historically claimed by China before decades of, Post the Definition of colonialism to Facebook, Share the Definition of colonialism on Twitter. — colonialist, n., adj. Subsequently, during the 17th century other nations were motivated to move overseas to establish their rule. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. Nevertheless, inthe sixteenth century, colonialism changed decisively because oftechnological developments in navig… Colonialism is the practice by which a powerful country directly controls less powerful countries and uses their resources to increase its own power and wealth....the bitter oppression of slavery and colonialism. Egyptian P… Colonialism is the economic, social, political, and cultural domination of a society over an extended period of time. Europeans the chance to impose their domination. Accessed 27 Dec. 2020. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Colonialism is a direct control over a subjugated nation whereas neocolonialism is an indirect involvement. Colonialism in the modern sense began with the " Age of Discovery ", led by Portuguese, and then by the Spanish exploration of the Americas, the coasts of … Quiz, and Germany established Dutch empire from 1870s to 1900s, parts the. 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